1. 对思维和存在的同一性问题的不同回答，区分的是 （ ）
A. 唯物主义和唯心主义 B. 可知论和不可知论
C. 反映论和先验论 D. 辩证法和形而上学
2. 哲学上的一元论就是肯定 （ ）
A. 世界万物具有可知性 B. 物质和运动具有不可分割性
C. 世界万物具有统一性 D. 时间和空间具有不可分割性
3. 唯物辩证法认为，发展的实质是 （ ）
A. 事物结构的优化 B. 事物数量的增加和位置的移动
C. 事物性质的改变 D. 新事物的产生和旧事物的灭亡
4. 矛盾的两个基本属性是 （ ）
A. 同一性和斗争性 B. 根本性和非根本性
C. 普遍性和特殊性 D. 对抗性和非对抗性
5. 否定之否定规律提示了事物的发展是 （ ）
A. 稳定性与变动性的统一 B. 前进性与曲折性的统一
C. 绝对性与相对性的统一 D. 有限性与无限性的统一
6. 认识的高级阶段是 （ ）
A. 直接认识 B. 间接认识 C. 感性认识 D. 理性认识
7. 检验认识的真理性，就是检验主观认识是否 （ ）
A. 符合书本知识 B. 被多数人赞同 C. 符合客观实际 D. 被群众所掌握
8. 党的思想路线的理论基础是辩证唯物主义的（ ）
A. 物质观 B. 认识论 C. 发展观 D. 一元论
9. 物质资料生产方式是 （ ）
A. 生产力与生产关系的统一 B. 经济基础与上层建筑的统一
C. 劳动资料与劳动对象的统一 D. 地理环境与人口因素的统一
10. 社会历史发展的根本动力是 （ ）
A. 阶级斗争 B. 社会基本矛盾 C. 社会改革 D. 科学技术革命
11. 唯物史观认为，历史人物的活动可以 （ ）
A. 根本改变历史发展的方向 B. 最终决定历史发展的进程
C. 完全摆脱社会规律的制约 D. 深刻影响社会历史的发展
12. 认清国情是认清和解决革命问题的基本依据。近代中国社会的性质是 （ ）
A. 封建社会 B. 资本主义社会
C. 新民主主义社会 D. 半殖民地半封建社会
13. 农民阶级在中国近代民主革命中所处的地位是 （ ）
A. 领导者 B. 主力军 C. 先锋队 D. 参与者
14. 土地革命战争时期，在四周白色政权的包围中，农村革命根据地能够存在和发展的根本原因是 （ ）
15. 抗日民族统一战线中存在着进步势力、中间势力和顽固势力，党对中间势力采取的策略方针是 （ ）
A. 发展 B. 孤立 C. 反对 D. 争取
16. 毛泽东在《论十大关系》中说：“特别值得注意的是，最近苏联方面暴露了他们在建设社会主义过程中的一些缺点和错误，他们走过的弯路，你还想走？过去我们就是鉴于他们的经验教训，少走了一些弯路，现在当然更要引以为戒?！闭舛位爸荚谇康鹘ㄉ枭缁嶂饕?，必须 （ ）
A. 根据本国情况走自己的道路 B. 正确处理各种经济关系
C. 调动一切积极因素为社会主义服务 D. 正确区分和处理两类社会矛盾
17. 中国特色社会主义理论体系形成的历史依据是 （ ）
18. 党的思想路线的核心、马克思主义中国化两大理论成果的精髓是 （ ）
A. 与时俱进 B. 求真务实 C. 解放思想 D. 实事求是
19.党的十八大报告指出，建设中国特色社会主义的总依据是 （ ）
A. 社会主义初级阶段 B. 自主创新能办
C. 当今时代主题 D. 市场经济理论
20. 住房、物价、收入、医疗、教育等民生热点问题备受百姓关注。这些问题反映了我国现阶段的社会主要矛盾是 （ ）
21. 我国社会主义初级阶段的立国之本是 （ ）
A. 以经济建设为中心 B. 坚持四项基本原则
C. 坚持改革开放 D. 实现共同富裕
A. 尊重人民的首创精神 B. 改善人民生活
C. 健全社会主义法治 D. 构建和谐社会
23. 党的十八届三中全会指出，全面深化改革的核心问题是 （ ）
A. 深化对市场经济的认识 B. 形成科学的宏观调控体系
C. 处理好市场和政府的关系 D. 处理好经济发展与环境?；さ墓叵?/span>
24. 以党的十一届三中全会为标志，我国进入社会主义建设新时期。这一时期最鲜明的特征是 （ ）
A. 经济发展 B. 社会稳定 C. 改革开放 D. 创新驱动
25. 实行对外开放是我国的一项基本国策，坚持这一基本国策的立足点是 （ ）
A. 内外联动，互惠互利 B. 多元平衡，共同发展
C. 独立自主，自力更生 D. 相互借鉴，求同存异
26. 社会主义初级阶段的基本经济制度是 （ ）
A. 社会主义市场经济 B. 社会主义有计划的商品经济
C. 按劳分配为主体，多种分配方式并存 D. 公有制为主体，多种所有制经济共同发展
27. 当前，制约我国城乡发展一体化的主要障碍是 （ ）
A. 农民收入偏低 B. 农村发展滞后 C. 城乡二元结构 D. 农业投入不足
28. 我国经济发展步入新常态。当前，转变经济发展方式的战略重点是 （ ）
A. 防控金融风险 B. 建设创新型国家
C. 调整经济结构 D. 走新型工业化道路
29. 社会主义核心价值体系的灵魂是 （ ）
A. 中国特色社会主义共同理想 B. 社会主义荣辱观
C. 民族精神和时代精神 D. 马克思主义指导思想
30. 推进社会建设的重点是 （ ）
A. 推进公民道德建设 B. 推进社会治理创新
C. 保障和改善民生 D. 推进经济持续健康发展
31. “和平统一，一国两制”的核心是 （ ）
A. 两制并存 B. 高度自治 C. 一个中国 D. 长期繁荣
32. 经济全球化是一把“双刃?！?，机遇与挑战并存。在这种情况下，发展中国家 （ ）
A. 应提高防范和抵御风险的能力 B. 应抵制经济全球化
C. 难以抓住机遇，应回避风险 D. 可无视风险，积极参与经济全球化
33. 我国奉行独立自主的和平外交政策，处理国家间关系的基本准则是 （ ）
A. 把国家主权和安全放在第一位 B. 和平共处五项原则
C. 互相尊重、互不干涉内部事务 D. 互惠互利、共赢共存
34. 解决民族问题的根本出发点和归宿是 （ ）
A. 民族团结 B. 民族平等
C. 各民族的共同繁荣 D. 民族合作
35. 中国共产党的宗旨是 （ ）
A. 全心全意为人民服务 B. 科学执政、民主执政
C. 有效预防和惩治腐败 D. 以人为本、执政为民
36. 2014年11月1日，第十二届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第十一次会议决定设立国家宪法日。国家通过多种形式开展宪法宣传教育活动。国家宪法日的日期是 （ ）
A. 1月1日 B. 5月4日 C. 9月10日 D. 12月4日
37. 2015年1月20日，国家统计局发布数据，据初步核算，2014年中国国内生产总值63.6万亿元，比上年增长 （ ）
A. 6.5% B. 7.4% C. 9.2% D. 10.4%
38. 2015年5月，国务院印发的《中国制造2025》提出了通过“三步走”实现制造强国的战略目标，其中第一步是到2025年 （ ）
39. 2014年11月11日，亚太经合组织第二十二次领导人非正式会议在我国举行。国家主席习近平主持会议，各成员领导人围绕“共建面向未来的亚太伙伴关系”主题深入交换意见。此次会议的举办城市是 （ ）
A. 北京 B. 上海 C. 天津 D. 广州
40. 2015年4月24日，国家主席习近平出席在印度尼西亚万隆举行的纪念活动。本次活动是纪念万隆会议召开 （ ）
A. 50周年 B. 55周年 C. 60周年 D. 65周年
I. Phonetics (5 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. A. vital B. silent C. collide D. fierce
2. A. taught B. caught C. laugh D. fault
3. A. reception B. receipt C. capture D. concept
4. A. boom B. goose C. flood D. gloom
5. A. finger B. singer C. hanger D. ringer
II. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
6. As a child I used to wash my parents’ car to earn some _______ money.
A. paper B. easy C. private D. pocket
7. After the busy day I’ve had, I need a _______ drink.
A. heavy B. sharp C. strong D. powerful
8. If you _______ stayed at home, this would never have happened.
A. have B. had C. will have D. would have
9. –How much did this set of furniture cost?
-I forgot _______.
A. how much it costs B. how much did it cost
C. how much it cost D. how much does it cost
10. We had a long way to go so we decided to _______ early.
A. set on B. put on C. set off D. put off
11. _______ it is not his responsibility to do that, he said he would help.
A. Although B. As
C. Since D. Unless
12. One of the strongest hurricanes _______ was the Florida Keys Storm of 1935, during which 500 people were killed.
A. to record B. recorded
C. recording D. being recorded
13. Ms. Jolie is _______ beautiful and very talented, and in control of her own career.
A. basically B. remarkably
C. perfectly D. actively
14. When John left the office, Amy _______ at her desk.
A. is still working B. has still worked
C. had still working D. was still working
15. You should learn through failures. Why don’t you _______ your plan or try a new approach?
A. adjust B. repeat C. accept D. refuse
16. The carpet has so many stains on it that it needs _______.
A. replace B. to replace
C. being replaced D. to be replaced
17. I sent him the package yesterday. He _______ it by now.
A. might have received B. received
C. will receive D. receives
18. Is this the factory _______ you visited the other day?
A. what B. where C. that D. when
19. To make the fish _______ nice, she put in some sugar and wine vinegar.
A. taste B. to taste C. tasted D. tasting
20. My daughter runs faster than _______ in her class. She runs the fastest.
A. a boy B. any boy
C. some boys D. most boys
III. Cloze (30 points)
Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Insomnia, or “poor sleep”, can have bad effects on a person’s health and general well-being. It can 21 on both our physical and mental health and can lead to other health 22 .
Insomnia can be traced to many different reasons, but what is 23 to many sufferers is their inability to relax fully and “switch the mind 24 ”.
Constant thoughts, 25 around and around in the mind, moving from one 26 to the next, prevent stillness and peace and 27 a sufferer extremely tired.
In order to treat insomnia 28 , it is first necessary to allow a sufferer to re-experience 29 real relaxation feels like. It’s almost as though they’ve forgotten how to relax. Once this has been 30 by the brain, then fast and effective 31 can be made to re-educate the unconscious towards allowing the person to relax 32 and to allow a natural state of sleep to 33 .
Hypnotherapy (催眠疗法) is one of the fastest and most effective ways of 34 this goal for long-lasting results.
Sleeping pills, if used at all, should only be a short-term 35 as their effect is soon reduced and their side effects can be deep and far-reaching.
21. A. harm B. affect C. change D. impact
22. A. demands B. concerns C. reasons D. questions
23. A. interesting B. same
C. common D. alike
24. A. on B. off C. up D. down
25. A. getting B. taking C. going D. pulling
26. A. image B. dream C. concept D. thought
27. A. cause B. leave C. disturb D. lead
28. A. carefully B. easily C. effectively D. finally
29. A. if B. how C. where D. what
30. A. remembered B. pulled
C. changed D. printed
31. A. scales B. steps C. methods D. techniques
32. A. fully B. recently C. silently D. actively
33. A. appear B. show C. occur D. realize
34. A. achieving B. targeting C. keeping D. aiming
35. A. object B. system C. result D. strategy
Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Alexia Sloane, a 10-years-old girl, lost her sight when she was two following a brain disease .But despite her disability she has excelled at languages and is already fluent in English, French, Spanish and Chinese-and is learning German.
Now she has experienced her dream job of working as an interpreter after East of England MEP (欧盟议员) Robert Sturdy invited her to the parliament in Brussels, thus becoming the youngest interpreter to work at the European Parliament.
“She was given a special permit to get into the building, where there is usually a minimum age requirement of 14, and sat in a booth listening and interpreting,” said her mother ,Isabelle, “The other interpreters were amazed at how well she did as he debate was quite complicated and many of the words were rather technical.”
Alexia has been tri-lingual since birth as her mother, as her mother, a teacher, is half French and half Spanish, while her father, Richard, is English. She started talking and communicating in all three languages before she lost her sight but adapted quickly to her blindness. By the age of four, she was reading and writing in the Braille (盲文). When she was six, Alexia began to learn Chinese. The girl is now learning German at school in Cambridge.
Alexia has been longing to be an interpreter since she was six and she chose to go to the European Parliament as her prize when she won a young achiever of the year award. She asked if she could shadow interpreters and Mr. Sturdy agreed to take her along as his guest.
Alexia worked with the head of interpreting and had a real taster of life in parliament. “It was fantastic and I’m absolutely determined now to become an interpreter,” she said.
36. What does the passage tell about Alexia Sloane?
A. She is very proud of her parents.
B. She has learned five foreign languages.
C. She is a quick learner of languages.
D. She has difficulties with language learning.
37. Why did Alexia need special permitting to enter the parliament building?
A. She was not in a state of good health.
B. She could not afford the admission fees.
C. She did not meet the age requirement.
D. She did not have an adult to accompany her.
38. What did Alexia want to do after she got the award?
A. To travel to other European countries.
B. To visit the European Parliament.
C. To apply for a position in the government.
D. To study German at Cambridge University.
39. The tone of the passage can be best described as ______.
A. critical B. admiring
C. understanding D. doubtful
Generations of Americans have been brought up to believe that a good breakfast is essential to one’s life. Eating breakfast at the start of the day, we have been told, and told again, is as necessary as putting gasoline in the family car before starting a trip. But for many people, the thought of food as the first thing in the morning is never a pleasure. So despite all the efforts, they still take no breakfast.
Between 1977 and 1983, the latest year for which figures could be obtained, the number of people who didn’t have breakfast increased by 33%-from 8.8 million to 11.7 million—according to the Chicago-based Market Research corporation of America. For those who dislike eating breakfast, however, there is some good news.
Several studies in the last few years have shown that, for adults especially, there may be nothing wrong with omitting breakfast. “Going without breakfast does not affect work,” said Arnold E. Bender, former professor of nutrition at Queen Elizabeth College in London, “nor does giving people breakfast improve work.” Scientific evidence linking breakfast to better health or better work is surprisingly inadequate (不充分的), and most of the recent work involves children, not adults. “The literature,” says one researcher, Dr. Earnest Polite at the University of Texas, “is poor.”
40. Which of these is mentioned in the second paragraph?
A. The number of the people who skip breakfast has increased.
B. Many people fill their cars with gasoline in the morning.
C. 8.8 million people got involved in a study on eating habits.
D. A company carried out a research in 1983.
41. Which is closest in meaning to the underlined part?
A. Having breakfast does not improve work, either.
B. Giving people breakfast improves work.
C. Going without breakfast can improve work, too.
D. Having breakfast does improve work.
42. What does the word “literature” in the last sentence refer to?
A. Modern American literature.
B. Any printed materials.
C. Written works on a subject.
D. Stories, poems and plays.
43. Which of the following statements best summarizes the writer’s conclusion about the function of breakfast?
A. Omitting breakfast helps improve work.
B. Eating breakfast is absolutely necessary.
C. Scientists have produced sufficient evidence in support of breakfast.
D. There isn’t strong evidence to prove that breakfast is a must.
When you stretch out in the sun you can do one of the three things: you can use no sun tan oil, an ordinary sun tan oil; or Bergasol.
If you don’t use any sun tan oil when you’re in the sun, you will burn surprisingly quickly. If you use an ordinary sun tan oil, you will protect your skin to a lesser or greater degree. How much protection depends on the “protection-factor number” on the bottle. Some oils block out so many of the sun’s rays and you can stay in the sun all day without burning---but you won’t go very brown, wither.
Bergasol will protect your skin like an ordinary sun tan oil. Italso has a tan accelerator that speeds up the rate at which the sun activates the skin cells that produce melanin (黑色素). It is melanin that gives the skin its brown colour. Bergasol enables you to go brown faster, and as the days pass the difference will become more obvious.
Unfortunately, this special formation isn’t cheap to prepare. So Bergasol is rather more expensive than ordinary sun tan oil. However, the price looks more attractive as you do.
It makes you go brown faster
Many people imagine that “cover-up” means you don’t get a tan. Nothing go show for your holiday.
Not so. With “Cover-up”, you can get brown if you want to. The point of “cover-up” is to protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun which, according to the experts, make your skin look order.
That’s what Solex Cover-up is all about—protection for your skin. It has a Sun Protection Factor 8, which makes it suitable for anyone. Find out how it works for you by consulting the Solex Sun Chart. On sale wherever Solex is.
With Solex Cover-up, you can tan as slowly as you like. As gently as you like. And with much less chance of peeling. You tan will look better. Your skin will stay young longer.
Gentle tan… full protection
44. What can we learn from the second advertisement?
A. It is easy to get a suntan in summer.
B. Suntan is regarded as a sign of protection.
C. Sunlight could make one look order.
D. Everyone wants to get a suntan from holiday.
45. Why is Solex suitable for everyone?
A. Its price is more attractive.
B. It can be used to relieve sunburn.
C. It has a mild protection factor.
D. It can make the skin cells more active.
46. Compared with Solex, Bergasol ______.
A. helps one go brown more quickly
B. better protects one’s skin
C. is more competitive in price
D. is a better sun tan oil
47. What is the most attractive feature of Solex Cover-up?
A. It helps one get a more beautiful tan.
B. It is often on sale in supermarkets.
C. It blocks out more sun’s rays than other oils.
D. It helps one tan gradually and gently.
Ideas about polite behavior differ from one culture to another. Some societies, such asAmericaandAustralia, for example, are mobile and very open. People change jobs and move house quite often. As a result, they have a lot of relationships that often last only a short time, and they need to get to know people quickly. So it’s normal to have friendly conversations with people that they have just met, and you can talk about things that other cultures would regard as personal.
On the other hand, there are more crowded and less mobile societies where long-term relationships are more important. A Malaysian or Mexican business person, for example, will want to get to know you very well before he or she feels happy to start business. But when you do get to know each other, the relationship becomes much deeper than it would in a mobile society.
To Americans, both Europeans and Asians seem cool and formal at first. On the other hand, as a passenger from a less mobile society puts it, it’s no fun spending several hours next to a stranger who wants to tell you about his or her life and asks you all sorts of questions that you don’t want to answer.
Cross-cultural differences aren’t just a problem for travelers, but also for people in daily life. Some societies have “universalist” cultures. These societies strongly respect rules, and they treat every person and situation in basically the same way. “Particularist” (强调特性的) societies also have rules, but they are less important than the society’s written ideas about what is right or wrong for a particular situation or a particular person. So the normal rules are changed to fit the needs of the situation or the importance of the person.
48. What can be learned from Paragraph 1?
A. People from a mobile society dislike talking about personal affairs.
B. Short-term relationships are common in a mobile society.
C. Americans tend to make more friends than people from other cultures.
D. It is difficult for Americans and Australians to communicate with strangers.
49. Who do Malaysians prefer to start business with according to the passage?
A. Those who talk a lot about themselves.
B. Those who they know well enough.
C. Those who enjoy talking with strangers.
D. Those who want to do business with them.
50. Which of the following is true about the rules in “particular” societies?
A. They change to fit different situations.
B. People respect and obey them completely.
C. They don’t exist.
D. No one obeys them.
51. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Polite behavior varies with different cultures.
B. Less mobile societies have fewer rules.
C. People from mobile societies are more polite.
D. Cultural differences are important.
Claude-Oscar Monet (1840-1926) was a French artist and a leading member of the Impressionist group of painters. Born in Paris, Monet spent his childhood in Le Havre. There he met a local artist, Eugene Boudin, who encouraged him to become a landscape painter.
In 1859, Monet went to Paris to study at the Académie Suisse. Between 1860 and 1862, Monet served in the army in Algeria (阿尔及利亚). He returned to Paris where he met most of the major artists of the era.
In 1870, Monet married Camille Doncieux. To escape the Franco-Prussian war, they moved to London. Back to France, they settled at Argenteuil, a boating centre on the Seine (塞纳河) which drew many other Impressionist painters. Working from nature was a particular symbol of the Impressionist movement, and one that Monet valued, reflecting in his paintings the ever-changing impact of light and weather conditions.
In 1872, he visited Le Havre where he painted “An Impression, Sunrise”. When exhibited in 1874, part of its title was used by a critic to label the whole movement “Impressionism”.
Monet’s wife died in 1879, and he set up home with Alice Hoschedé, the wife of one of his most important sponsors. During the 1880s, Monet travelled throughFrancepainting a variety of landscapes. He gradually became better known and for the last 30 years of his life he was regarded as the greatest of the Impressionists.
From 1890 he began to paint a series (系列) of pictures of one subject, including “Haystacks”, “Rouen Cathedral” and “Waterlilies”, The latter were painted in the fine garden Monet created at his house at Giverny, where he lived from 1883 on. He painted them over and over again, most significantly in a series especially for a museum in Paris.
52. Monet was introduced to art ______.
A. by an artist in his childhood
B. by his father in Le Havre
C. during his short stay inAlgeria
D. during his visit to Paris
53. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. Impressionism was born in London.
B. Monet was one of the sponsors of Impressionism.
C. Argenteuil was the birthplace of many impressionists.
D. Impressionist paintings are mainly based on nature.
54. What is said about the painting “An Impression, Sunrise”?
A. It established Monet’s fame as an artist for the first time.
B. It invited a lot of strong criticism from the public.
C. It was painted by Monet and Eugene Boudin.
D. It was the origin of the name “Impressionism”.
55. What do we know about Monet’s life since 1890?
A. He painted only for a museum in Paris.
B. He devoted himself to travelling overseas.
C. He was influenced by Alice in his painting style.
D. He focused on paintings of a particular theme.
V. Daily Conversation (15 points)
Directions: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A. I really loved it
B. That’s all right
C. What did I say
D. I never want to watch any opera
E. I’m sorry
F. That’s the problem
G. How can you say that
H. Do you want me to be honest
Lisa: Well, honey, how did you like the opera?
Henry: 56 ?
Lisa: Of course.
Henry: To tell me the truth. I was bored to death. What a ridiculous art form! 57 .
Lisa: Hum! 58 ? It was beautiful. And you just saw one of my favorite operas.
Henry: 59 , dear. I know you like opera, but it just isn’t for me. I’d rather read a novel or watch a movie.
Lisa: but you don’t know how to appreciate opera. 60 .
Henry: OK, what you’re saying may be true.
VI. Writing (25 points)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100~120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.
61. 你（Li Yuan）是班长，准备周末组织全班同学参观历史博物馆（the Museum of History）。
I. Phonetics (5 points, one point each)
1. D 2. C 3. B 4. C 5. A
II. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points, one point each)
6. D 7. C 8. B 9. C 10. C
11. A 12. B 13. B 14. D 15. A
16. D 17. A 18. C 19. A 20. B
III. Cloze (30 points, two points each)
21. D 22. B 23. C 24. B 25. C
26. D 27. B 28. C 29. D 30. A
31. B 32. A 33. C 34. A 35. D
IV. Reading Comprehension (60 points. Three points each)
36. C 37. C 38. B 39. B 40. A
41. A 42. C 43. D 44. C 45. D
46. A 47. D 48. B 49. B 50. A
51. A 52. A 53. D 54. D 55. D
V. Daily Conversation (15 points, three points each)
56. H 57. D 58. G 59. E 60. F
VI. Writing (25 points)